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Simple Present

The Simple Present is a tense used to describe facts, habits, and actions that are generally true or regularly happening. It’s also used to express the general truth.


General Definitions: 


Habits: Actions and behaviors that are performed or happened on a regular basis.

            “We always have breakfast before going to work.”


Facts: Things that are proven to be true.

            “Water freezes at 32 degrees Fahrenheit.”


General Truth: Actions or statements that are universally or circumstantially true or reasonable in certain situations.

            “Schools open at 8:00 am.”


Technical Definitions:


Subjects: The subject of a sentence is a person or thing that performs the action.

            “Jack, Cars, He, She, the Croods.”


Verbs: A verb is an essential part of a sentence or speech to elaborate actions or occurrences. There are various types of verbs.

            “Play, listen, dance, drink, eat, open, close.”


Objects: Objects are entities that receive the actions performed by the subjects.  

            “Jack drives a Chevy. “A Chevy” is the object.”


Pronouns: Words that can function as subjects or objects independently.

            “He, she, it, I, you, we, they”



 How to form a statement?


There are three types of sentences: questions, affirmative statements, and negative statements. To form a statement, at least you need a subject and a verb.


What is a statement?


According to Oxford Languages, a statement is a clear expression of something either in writing or speech.



Affirmative Statements: 


Subject + Verb + Object

In third-person singular sentences, the verb should be modified by adding “s” or “es” at the end.

In third-person singular sentences, when the verb ends in -ch, -ss, -x, or -zz, the ending "es" should be added to the verb. When the verb ends in consonant and -y, the ending "es" should be added to the verb, and the "y" will be replaced with "i".

How to form a negative statement?


To form a negative statement, you should add "do not" or "does not" to the sentence, as they modify the verbs to make them negative.     

How to form a question?    


To form a question, the words "Do" or "Does" should be placed at the beginning of the sentence, and any additional endings such as "s", "es", or "ies" should be removed from the verb. The question should be formed using the base form of the verb.      

Exercise 1.A 


Fill in the blanks using the words in the box.


1.     It __________ no sense to talk to him in person. He doesn’t want to be a part of this game.

2.     He is too dumb for the task! You __________ to assign somebody else asap.

3.     You should buy a new car as soon as possible. I know you __________ to work every day. It’s a pain!

4.     I _________ coffee in the morning. To be honest, I can’t even function without my morning coffee.

5.     I __________ German when I’m home. My parents want to learn English, but it takes time.

6.     She __________ tennis every morning. You should join her. Just give her a call! It should be somewhere near Leonia.

7.     She __________ to buy a new car. Could you please give her a call as soon as possible?

8.     Dude, I don’t have cash on me. I __________ paid every 15th.

Exercise 1.B


Make a sentence. Choose positive, negative, or question.


1.     Brayan/not/wear/glasses



2.     The sun/set/in the west



3.     We/not/have enough time



4.     They/not/play soccer in weekends.



5.     You/want to/talk to Michael about your loan?



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